The function of this indicator is two-fold: first it takes a look at the occupations carried out by the different population groups in Switzerland. Second, it considers occupation as the main form in which qualifications and the acquired skills are recognised and whether they are used. The indicator reflects the distribution of the different population groups in the labour market.
The distribution of ISCO occupations among the employed population reveals differences between those with and without a migration background but also among those from the first, second and subsequent generations.
The first generation is significantly less represented than other population groups in intermediate occupations and administrative jobs. This group, however, is significantly more represented among directors and chief executives, operators and assemblers, and unskilled workers.
Compared with people with another migration status, those from the second or subsequent generations are over-represented in administrative jobs. With regard to services and sales workers, the rates are similar for both first and second-generation migrants and higher than in the population with no migration background.
The population without a migration background shows significantly higher rates than other migration statuses in two occupational groups: agricultural workers, among whom this population is represented four times more than the population with a migration background and intellectual and scientific professions, for which the relative difference between migration statuses is smaller.
Between 2012 and 2018, the distribution by ISCO occupation among the employed population remained stable overall. In the population with and without a migration background a slight but statistically significant increase can be observed in the percentage of people carrying out an intellectual or scientific occupation and among directors and chief executives. At the same time a significant decline can be observed in the percentage trades workers and labourers. In contrast, the proportion of people with a migration background among services and sales workers has fallen, whereas it has remained stable among the population without a migration background (at 15%).
The distribution of occupations among the population by nationality adds further elements for analysis. Swiss nationals are more represented than other nationality groups in intermediate occupations, administrative work and among agricultural workers.
The rates of citizens of EU28 and EFTA member countries equal those of Swiss nationals in intellectual and scientific occupations and among services and sales workers.
Citizens of other European countries on the other hand have particularly low rates among directors and chief executives and in intellectual and scientific occupations. They dominate, however, among trade workers and labourers and among operators and assemblers.
The group citizens of other countries of the world are overrepresented among the services and sales workers.
This indicator shows the percentage distribution of ISCO categories (1st ISCO level). ISCO is the international Standard Classification of Occupations. The distribution of employed persons according to this classification enables the focus to be placed on the types of occupations carried out. Generally speaking, the use of this occupation classification makes it possible to compare occupation statistics at international level. Due to its hierarchical organisation, the classification can be used for analyses of the population’s social structure.