Attitudes towards diversity


Racism refers to the lack of value attributed to certain individuals or groups on the basis of biological or cultural characteristics associated with them. The racism index captures the disagreement or the agreement with this attitude.


The average value of the index measuring racist attitudes is 1.4 in 2020, on a scale from 1 (disagreement with the attitudes) to 4 (agreement with the attitudes). Over the 2018-2020 period, negative attitudes (index values between 3 and 4) are less prevalent in the population than positive attitudes (between 1 and 2).


The agreement with racist attitudes is less widespread and less strong than the agreement with all other types of negative attitudes towards diversity: 1.4 compared to approximately 2 for xenophobic attitudes and hostile attitudes.

More figures on this topic

Used to construct the index measuring racist attitudes, the results below detail which groups or individuals are likely to make the population feel uncomfortable because of their difference. They provide information about the situations in which these differences are considered to be the most problematic.

  • Prevalence & Workplace: One third of the population said they might feel uncomfortable when facing diversity, regardless of the situation and the cause. People are significantly more likely to feel a sense of discomfort at work than in other situations.
  • Language: Language-related discomfort is greater at work (19%) than in other areas of life (11%-12%). If this factor is not taken into account in the analysis, the workplace becomes a situation in which discomfort towards diversity is less likely to occur (10% against 13%).
  • Itinerant way of life: In everyday life, the population is most likely to feel a sense of discomfort when facing someone with an itinerant way of life (18.5%). Those who feel uncomfortable mention in particular Gypsies, but also Roma.
  • Integration: In addition to the causes of discomfort presented, people perceived as 'not integrated' and people who do not respect Swiss culture or values can be a source of unease.

Further information




Federal Statistical Office Section Demography and Migration
Espace de l'Europe 10
CH-2010 Neuch√Ętel



Our English pages offer only a limited range of information on our statistical production. For our full range please consult our pages in French and German (top right hand screen).