Population by place of birth

The place of birth allows to distinguish between migrants, i.e. the first generation, and the subsequent - Swiss-born - generations. This variable and the duration of stay in Switzerland are also important for measuring the rootedness of permanent foreign residents.

Almost a third of the permanent resident population is born abroad. Nearly a quarter of all foreign-born residents have been living in Switzerland for at least 20 years. A similarly high proportion has immigrated in the past 4 years.

Permanent resident population by place of birth, length of residence in Switzerland and nationality, at the end of 2021, in thousand
Place of birth Length of residence Total Swiss Foreigners

8 738.8

6 494.6

2 244.2
Born in Switzerland  

6 066.4

5 633.4


Born abroad Total 1)

2 672.4


1 811.2

  0-4 years 543.2 33.7 509.5
5-9 years 463.2 37.0 426.2
10-14 years 336.3 65.1 271.1
15-19 years 231.4 78.1 153.2
20 years or older 666.4 231.1
1) "no indication" of the length of residence included Source: FSO – STATPOP

Further information




Federal Statistical Office Section Demography and Migration
Espace de l'Europe 10
CH-2010 Neuchâtel



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