The permanent resident population of Switzerland comprises slightly more women than men.
|Total||8 670 300||8 738 791||8 812 728|
|Male||4 302 599||4 338 203||4 378 585|
|Female||4 367 701||4 400 588||4 434 143|
|Swiss male||3 135 662||3 154 595||3 167 598|
|Swiss female||3 323 850||3 340 015||3 350 492|
|Foreign male||1 166 937||1 183 608||1 210 987|
|Foreign female||1 043 851||1 060 573||1 083 651|
Source : FSO - STATPOP
Swiss law is based on gender binarism, i.e. a person is either female or male. This gender binarism is also anchored in the civil register, which currently provides for the compulsory and binding recording of the gender of persons registered (Art. 8 CivStO).
The sex of a person is defined at birth depending on medical observations. Every newborn baby is attributed a sex - either female or male. Even in the case of a variation in sexual development, i.e. when the sex cannot be established with certainty, it is forbidden to leave the registration of a person's gender blank.
Before 1 January 2022, a person had to start legal proceedings if they wished to change the gender registered in the civil register (Art. 42 CC). From 1 January 2022, any person concerned may request a change to the gender recorded in the civil register by submitting a statement to that effect in person at the civil register office (Art. 30b CC).
However, in accordance with the principle of gender binarity, the choice here is also limited to the categories "male" or "female".
Gender change in the civil register
From 1 January 2022, people can request changes to information regarding their gender and first name in the civil register. Changing gender information does not affect relationships governed by family law (marriage, registered same-sex partnership, kinship or line of descent).
|Total||Women to men||Men to women|
The slight surplus of boys among children is largely due to the higher number of male births; around 105 newborn boys for every 100 girls. Boys, like men, however, have higher mortality at all ages. This higher mortality rate is offset among 20 to 64 year-olds by migration, as more men than women immigrate. After the age of 60, women greatly outnumber men due to their longer life expectancy. The interaction of these various factors means that there are slightly more women than men. The sex ratio in Switzerland was thus 99 men for 100 women in 2021.
Statistical sources and concepts
ContactFederal Statistical Office Section Demography and Migration
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