Road vehicles - Stock, level of motorisation


Stock of vehicles

Between 2000 and 2019, the road motor vehicle stock (excluding mopeds) increased by 34% to 6.2 million. Passenger cars account for around three quarters of this stock; for some time there has been a trend towards diesel and 4x4 vehicles. 28 716 all electric cars were registered in 2019 in total, i.e. around 38 times more than in 2000. A comparison of the cantons shows that the economically strong canton of Zug has already passed the 1% mark and that in 2019, 1.4% of its total vehicle stock were electric cars. Zurich is not far behind with a share of 0.9%.

A considerable increase has also been seen among motorcycles and light goods vehicles: their stock has risen by more than 50% since 2000.

In 2015, 65% of all households owned at least one bicycle. 7% of households had an e-bike.

Road motor vehicles in Switzerland
  2000 2018 2019
Total stock (without mopeds) 4 584 718 6 113 791 6 160 262
3 545 247 4 602 688 4 623 952

of which petrol-driven

3 402 309 3 114 726 3 099 442

of which diesel-driven

141 863 1 374 246 1 382 645

of which hybrid vehicles (petrol-electric, diesel-electric)

0 79 737 98 399

of which all-electric vehicles

754 19 181 28 716

average age of passenger cars (years)

6.9 8.6 8.7
Passenger transport vehicles 40 260 77 985 83 054
278 518 428 808 440 795

of which light vehicles (up to 3.5 t)

229 339 376 227 387 991

of which heavy vehicles (more than 3.5 t)

49 179 52 581 52 804
Agricultural vehicles 177 963 193 283 193 834
Industrial vehicles 48 949 71 683 74 085
Motorcycles 493 781 739 344 744 542
Mopeds including fast E-bikes1 218 932 201 267 211 283
Note: stock as of 30 September, except mopeds (usually stock as of 31 December)
1) All e-bikes requiring a moped registration plate
Sources: FSO – Moped survey, conducted by the cantons; FSO, FEDRO – Stock of road vehicles (MFZ)
Petrol
Diesel
Electric
Hybrid (from 2006)
other

A time series is available for this diagram. Please select a year:

1990
2019

Note: Hybrid vehicles are only shown separately from 2006 onwards. Before this they were included in the “other” category.

Source: FSO, FEDRO – Stock of road vehicles (MFZ)


Level of motorisation

In 2019, there were an average of 541 passenger cars per 1000 inhabitants in Switzerland, with considerable regional differences: Particularly in urban agglomerations with a dense public transport network, the level of motorisation was considerably below the Swiss average.


Public road transport vehicles

Approximately 6700 public road transport vehicles were registered in 2015. Four fifths of these vehicles were buses. Their stock has risen by 26% since 2000. In parallel, the stock of trams has increased by 5%, whereas the number of trolley buses has fallen by 15%. This decline is primarily due to the acquisition of larger vehicle combinations and larger vehicles.

Public transport vehicles
  1990 2000 2015
Total stock 5 833 5 668 6 736
Tramways 953 741 778
Trolley buses 697 646 548
Buses
4 183 4 281 5 410
Source: FSO – Public transport statistics (TP)

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