Road vehicles - Stock, level of motorisation


Stock of vehicles

Between 2000 and 2023, the road vehicle stock (excluding mopeds) increased by 41% to 6.4 million. Passenger cars accounted for around three quarters of this stock; for some time there has been a trend towards hybrid and electric vehicles. In 2023, almost 155 500 all-electric vehicles were registered, representing 3.3% of all passenger cars. The canton of Zug had the highest rate of electric vehicles at 6.8%. 

A considerable increase has also been seen among motorcycles and light goods vehicles: their stocks have risen by 63% and 88% respectively since 2000.

In 2021, 61% of all households owned at least one bicycle. 20% of households had an e-bike.

their stocks have risen by 56% and 74% respectively since 2000.
Road motor vehicles in Switzerland
  2000 2022 2023
Total stock (without mopeds) 4 584 718 6 368 579 6 445 122
3 545 247 4 721 280 4 760 948

of which petrol-driven

3 402 309 2 991 092 2 952 760

of which diesel-driven

 141 863 1 319 337 1 273 597

of which conventional hybrid vehicles1

  0  220 372 282 515 r

of which plug-in hybrid vehicles1

  0  64 045 81 640 r

of which all-electric vehicles

  754  110 751  155 498

average age of passenger cars (years)

7.4 10.0   10.3
 40 260  105 158  114 299

of which camper vans

 22 518  87 416  96 105
 278 518  475 714  485 303

of which light vehicles (up to 3.5 t)

 229 339  422 245  431 238

of which heavy vehicles (more than 3.5 t)

 49 179  53 469  54 065
Agricultural vehicles  177 963  196 942  197 678
Industrial vehicles  48 949  79 691  81 241
Motorcycles  493 781  789 794  805 653
Mopeds including fast E-bikes2  218 932 257 753 ...
Note: stock as of 30 September, except for 2022 (15 October) and mopeds (usually 31 December)
1) Petrol-electric, diesel-electric
2) All e-bikes requiring a moped registration plate
r rectified
Sources: FSO – Moped survey, conducted by the cantons; FSO, FEDRO – Stock of road vehicles (MFZ)

Level of motorisation

In 2023, there were an average of 540 passenger cars per 1000 inhabitants in Switzerland, with considerable regional differences: Particularly in urban agglomerations with a dense public transport network, the level of motorisation was considerably below the Swiss average.


Public road transport vehicles

Almost 7300 public road transport vehicles were registered in 2020. Four fifths of these vehicles were buses. Their stock has risen by 40% since 2000. In parallel, the stock of trams has decreased by 1%, whereas the number of trolley buses has fallen by 17%.

Public transport vehicles
  2000 2010 2020
Total stock 5 668 6 258 7 277
Tramways  741  781  731
Trolley buses  646  606  536
Buses
4 281 4 871 6 010
Source: FSO – Public transport statistics (TP)

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