Road vehicles - Stock, level of motorisation


Stock of vehicles

Between 2000 and 2022, the road vehicle stock (excluding mopeds) increased by 39% to 6.4 million. Passenger cars accounted for around three quarters of this stock; for some time there has been a trend towards hybrid and electric vehicles. In 2022, 110 700 all-electric vehicles were registered, representing 2.3% of all passenger cars. The canton of Zug had the highest rate of electric vehicles at 4.6%. 

A considerable increase has also been seen among motorcycles and light goods vehicles: their stocks have risen by 60% and 84% respectively since 2000.

In 2015, 65% of all households owned at least one bicycle. 7% of households had an e-bike.

their stocks have risen by 56% and 74% respectively since 2000.
Road motor vehicles in Switzerland
  2000 2021 2022 p
Total stock (without mopeds) 4 584 718 6 312 055 6 368 104
3 545 247 4 688 235 4 720 865

of which petrol-driven

3 402 309 3 046 645 2 990 802

of which diesel-driven

141 863 1 355 901 1 319 243

of which conventional hybrid vehicles1

0 158 121  216 144

of which plug-in hybrid vehicles1

0 43 223  68 254

of which all-electric vehicles

754 70 223  110 745

average age of passenger cars (years)

6.9 9,3
40 260 97 255  105 236

of which camper vans

22 518 79 899  87 415
278 518 464 150  475 660

of which light vehicles (up to 3.5 t)

229 339 411 642  422 203

of which heavy vehicles (more than 3.5 t)

49 179 52 508  53 457
Agricultural vehicles 177 963 196 315  196 921
Industrial vehicles 48 949 77 300  79 681
Motorcycles 493 781 788 800  789 741
Mopeds including fast E-bikes2 218 932 244 527 ...
Note: stock as of 30 September, except for 2022 (15 October) and mopeds (usually 31 December)
1) Petrol-electric, diesel-electric
2) All e-bikes requiring a moped registration plate
p provisional data
Sources: FSO – Moped survey, conducted by the cantons; FSO, FEDRO – Stock of road vehicles (MFZ)

Level of motorisation

In 2021, there were an average of 541 passenger cars per 1000 inhabitants in Switzerland, with considerable regional differences: Particularly in urban agglomerations with a dense public transport network, the level of motorisation was considerably below the Swiss average.


Public road transport vehicles

Almost 7300 public road transport vehicles were registered in 2020. Four fifths of these vehicles were buses. Their stock has risen by 40% since 2000. In parallel, the stock of trams has decreased by 1%, whereas the number of trolley buses has fallen by 17%.

Public transport vehicles
  2000 2010 2020
Total stock 5 668 6 258 7 277
Tramways  741  781  731
Trolley buses  646  606  536
Buses
4 281 4 871 6 010
Source: FSO – Public transport statistics (TP)

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