Road vehicles - Stock, level of motorisation


Stock of vehicles

Between 2000 and 2021, the road vehicle stock (excluding mopeds) increased by 38% to 6.3 million. Passenger cars accounted for around three quarters of this stock; for some time there has been a trend towards hybrid and electric vehicles. In 2021, 70 200 all-electric vehicles were registered, representing 1.5% of all passenger cars.  

A considerable increase has also been seen among motorcycles and light goods vehicles: their stocks have risen by 60% and 79% respectively since 2000.

In 2015, 65% of all households owned at least one bicycle. 7% of households had an e-bike.

their stocks have risen by 56% and 74% respectively since 2000.
Road motor vehicles in Switzerland
  2000 2020 2021p
Total stock (without mopeds) 4 584 718 6 241 141 6 312 055
3 545 247 4 658 335 4 688 235

of which petrol-driven

3 402 309 3 087 390 3 046 645

of which diesel-driven

141 863 1 379 077 1 355 901

of which conventional hybrid vehicles1

0 109 920 158 121

of which plug-in hybrid vehicles1

0 23 788 43 223

of which all-electric vehicles

754  43 396 70 223

average age of passenger cars (years)

6.9   9.0 9,3
40 260  88 293 97 255

of which camper vans

22 518 71 213 79 899
278 518  452 186 464 150

of which light vehicles (up to 3.5 t)

229 339  399 934 411 642

of which heavy vehicles (more than 3.5 t)

49 179  52 252 52 508
Agricultural vehicles 177 963  195 082 196 315
Industrial vehicles 48 949  75 659 77 300
Motorcycles 493 781  771 586 788 800
Mopeds including fast E-bikes2 218 932  228 811 ...
p provisional data
Note: stock as of 30 September, except mopeds (usually stock as of 31 December)
1) Petrol-electric, diesel-electric
2) All e-bikes requiring a moped registration plate
Sources: FSO – Moped survey, conducted by the cantons; FSO, FEDRO – Stock of road vehicles (MFZ)

Level of motorisation

In 2020, there were an average of 541 passenger cars per 1000 inhabitants in Switzerland, with considerable regional differences: Particularly in urban agglomerations with a dense public transport network, the level of motorisation was considerably below the Swiss average.


Public road transport vehicles

Approximately 6700 public road transport vehicles were registered in 2015. Four fifths of these vehicles were buses. Their stock has risen by 26% since 2000. In parallel, the stock of trams has increased by 5%, whereas the number of trolley buses has fallen by 15%. This decline is primarily due to the acquisition of larger vehicle combinations and larger vehicles.

Public transport vehicles
  1990 2000 2015
Total stock 5 833 5 668 6 736
Tramways 953 741 778
Trolley buses 697 646 548
Buses
4 183 4 281 5 410
Source: FSO – Public transport statistics (TP)

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