In 2019, there were approximately 17 800 transport accidents with casualties. More than 200 people lost their life in these accidents: 187 in road traffic accidents, 17 in railway accidents and 11 in aviation accidents. For shipping, the only data available are on public shipping, where no fatalities were registered in 2019.
A historical comparison shows that among the main transport modes, the number of deaths has fallen markedly since the 1970s.
The danger of a fatal accident varies from one mode of transport to another. Railways are by far the safest with regard to distance covered: on average, in the past ten years (2009 to 2018) there was one death per 49.6 billion person-kilometres covered, i.e. 1.2 million orbits around the Earth. The passenger car is also a relatively safe mode of transport, whereas travel by bicycle and motorcycle is far more dangerous. If, however, the risk of death is measured not in terms of kilometres travelled but by the length of time travelled, the risk by bicycle is lowered considerably.