Expenditure and debt

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At a glance

In the financial statistics, the debt of the general government, i.e. the consolidated government units, and thus also the debt ratio are determined in accordance with the Maastricht definition which applies for the EU member states. The debt ratio skyrocketed during the 1990s and peaked at 48.9% in 1998. This increase was attributable mainly to federal debt. The Confederation's debt ratio has fallen continually since the introduction of the debt brake for the Confederation in fiscal 2003. The debt ratios of the individual sub-sectors have likewise been reduced since 2003 thanks to sometimes high surpluses. The Maastricht debt ratio dropped below 40% of GDP in 2006 and was 30.0% in 2015.

Public administration debt (1)
GFS model 2014 2015 2016 2017
Public administration in CHF million 2 198 919 196 381 191 504 197 315
Confederation 102 537 98 236 92 693 97 134
Cantons 54 076 54 881 55 751 56 417
Communes 43 304 44 513 44 378 45 186
Social insurances 3 713 2 640 2 556 2 210
Per capita, in CHF 24 147 23 583 22 745 23 257
As % of gross domestic product (GDP) 30.6 30 29 29.5
1) Consolidated accounts of the Confederation, of the cantons and regions, of the communes and social security administrations, Maastricht debt, at nominal value as defined in HAM2
2) Total, after removal of double counting between public administrations.
Source : Federal Finance Administration (FFA)
Last update: September 2018

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