Vocational education and training (VET) - Schools

Vocational education and training mainly occurs in dual mode, i.e. in-company training along with training at a vocational school, providing both theory and the necessary general education. This is completed by inter-company courses which form the crossroads between the two areas of learning. Vocational education and training can also take place in full-time school in a small number of cases. Vocational education and training is completed with the Federal VET Certificate after two years or the Federal  VET Diploma after three to four years.

Students in vocational education and training, change since 2000/01
  2000/01 2005/06 2010/11 2015/16 2017/18
Total 207 969 213 174 228 825 228 267 224 557
  Female (%) 42.3 41.7 42.0 41.8 41.3
  Foreign (%) 16.0 15.7 16.8 19.5 20.8
176 046 180 659 205 620 214 209 210 125
  Female (%) 37.7 38.0 41.4 41.6 41.4
  Foreign (%) 15.5 14.5 15.5 18.1 19.2
- 1 335 8 343 13 217 13 806
  Female (%) - 66.1 46.6 45.0 40.7
  Foreign (%) - 35.1 36.8 40.5 45.2
17 965 14 989 1 380  358  393
  Female (%) 81.3 80.5 71.5 53.6 46.1
  Foreign (%) 14.2 16.1 27.3 41.6 39.9
10 082 11 225 11 051 - -
  Female (%) 56.1 49.6 47.1 - -
  Foreign (%) 18.2 21.9 21.3 - -
3 876 4 966 2 431 483 233
  Female (%) 33.9 33.2 36.8 33.7 35.2
  Foreign (%) 39.7 37.2 35.4 37.7 30.9
Footnote:
1 Including the federal vocational baccalaureate during vocational education (FVB1)
Source: FSO – Statistics on pupils and students (SDL)
Data as of: February 2019

In 2017/18, almost 224 600 students were in vocational education and training. 41% of them were young women and 21% were of foreign nationality. Almost all students in vocational education and training were following a programme leading to a Federal VET Diploma (94%). The remainder chose a VET Certificate or uncertified apprenticeship course (6%) or another vocational course. Since 2000/01, numbers in vocational education and training have risen by 8%.

The three most popular training sectors chosen by students in 2017/18 were: Business and administration (19%), Wholesale and retail sales (11%) and Building and civil engineering (8%). Some sectors are clearly gender-dominated.

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