Vocational education and training (VET) - Schools

In 2018/19, almost 220 900 students were in vocational education and training. 41% of them were young women and 22% were of foreign nationality. Almost all students in vocational education and training were following a programme leading to a Federal VET Diploma (93%). The remainder chose a VET Certificate or uncertified apprenticeship course (almost 7%) or another vocational course.

Students in vocational education and training, change since 2000/01
  2000/01 2005/06 2010/11 2015/16 2018/19
Total 207 969 213 174 228 825 227 477 220 894
  Female (%) 42.3 41.7 42 41.8 41
  Foreign (%) 16 15.7 16.8 19.5 21.6
176 046 180 659 205 519 213 299 205 726
  Female (%) 37.7 38 41.4 41.7 41.1
  Foreign (%) 15.5 14.5 15.4 18.1 19.7
- 1 335 8 343 13 215 14 352
  Female (%) - 66.1 46.6 45 39.2
  Foreign (%) - 35.1 36.8 40.5 47.6
17 965 14 989 1 481  480  592
  Female (%) 81.3 80.5 67.2 41.3 30.1
  Foreign (%) 14.2 16.1 28 37.1 33.1
10 082 11 225 11 051 - .
  Female (%) 56.1 49.6 47.1 - .
  Foreign (%) 18.2 21.9 21.3 - .
3 876 4 966 2 431 483 224
  Female (%) 33.9 33.2 36.8 33.7 39.7
  Foreign (%) 39.7 37.2 35.4 37.7 33
1 Including the federal vocational baccalaureate during vocational education (FVB1) Source: FSO – Statistics on pupils and students (SDL)
Data as of: February 2020

Vocational education and training mainly occurs in dual mode, i.e. in-company training along with training at a vocational school, providing both theory and the necessary general education. This is completed by inter-company courses which form the crossroads between the two areas of learning. Vocational education and training can also take place in full-time school in a small number of cases. Vocational education and training is completed with the Federal VET Certificate after two years or the Federal VET Diploma after three to four years. Since 2000/01, numbers in vocational education and training have risen by 6%. Compared to the previous year, these decreased very slightly (-1.3%).

The three most popular training sectors chosen by students in 2018/19 were: Business and administration (18%), Wholesale and retail sales (11%) and Building and civil engineering (8%). Some sectors are clearly gender-dominated.

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