In 2021/22, almost 215 600 students were in vocational education and training. 41% of them were young women and 24% were of foreign nationality. Almost all students in vocational education and training were following a programme leading to a Federal VET Diploma (almost 93%). The remainder chose a VET Certificate or uncertified apprenticeship course (7%) or another vocational course.
|Total||213 174||228 717||226 822||215 651||215 581|
|Federal VET diploma1||180 659||205 104||212 329||199 730||199 950|
|Federal VET certificate||1 335||8 343||13 215||15 059||14797|
|VET not governed by the VPETA||14 989||1 896||948||836||813|
|Upper secondary trade and IT schools||11 225||11 051||.||.||.|
|Basic vocational education||4 966||2 323||330||26||21|
Data as of: February 2023
Vocational education and training mainly occurs in dual mode, i.e. in-company training along with training at a vocational school, providing both theory and the necessary general education. This is completed by inter-company courses which form the crossroads between the two areas of learning. Vocational education and training can also take place in full-time school in a small number of cases. Vocational education and training is completed with the Federal VET Certificate after two years or the Federal VET Diploma after three to four years.
Since 2005/06, numbers in vocational education and training have risen by 1%. Compared to the previous year, these remained stable (increase of 0.1%).
The three most popular training sectors chosen by students in 2021/22 were: Business and administration (17%), Wholesale and retail sales (11%) and Building and civil engineering (7%). Some sectors are clearly gender-dominated.
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