Vocational education and training mainly occurs in dual mode, i.e. in-company training along with training at a vocational school, providing both theory and the necessary general education. This is completed by inter-company courses which form the crossroads between the two areas of learning. Vocational education and training can also take place in full-time school in a small number of cases. Vocational education and training is completed with the Federal VET Certificate after two years or the Federal VET Diploma after three to four years.
|Total||207 969||213 174||228 825||228 267||224 557|
|Federal VET diploma1||176 046||180 659||205 620||214 209||210 125|
|Federal VET certificate||-||1 335||8 343||13 217||13 806|
|VET not governed by the VPETA||17 965||14 989||1 380||358||393|
|Upper secondary trade schools||10 082||11 225||11 051||-||-|
|Basic vocational education||3 876||4 966||2 431||483||233|
1 Including the federal vocational baccalaureate during vocational education (FVB1) Source: FSO – Statistics on pupils and students (SDL)
Data as of: February 2019
In 2017/18, almost 224 600 students were in vocational education and training. 41% of them were young women and 21% were of foreign nationality. Almost all students in vocational education and training were following a programme leading to a Federal VET Diploma (94%). The remainder chose a VET Certificate or uncertified apprenticeship course (6%) or another vocational course. Since 2000/01, numbers in vocational education and training have risen by 8%.
The three most popular training sectors chosen by students in 2017/18 were: Business and administration (19%), Wholesale and retail sales (11%) and Building and civil engineering (8%). Some sectors are clearly gender-dominated.