Vocational education and training (VET) - Schools

In 2020/21, almost 215 700 students were in vocational education and training. 41% of them were young women and 23% were of foreign nationality. Almost all students in vocational education and training were following a programme leading to a Federal VET Diploma (almost 93%). The remainder chose a VET Certificate or uncertified apprenticeship course (7%) or another vocational course.

Students in vocational education and training, change since 2000/01
  2000/01 2005/06 2010/11 2015/16 2020/21
Total 207 969 213 174 228 717 226 828 215 710
  Female (%) 42.3 41.7 42.0 41.8 40.6
  Foreign (%) 16.0 15.7 16.8 19.5 23.2
176 046 180 659 205 104 212 335 199 787
  Female (%) 37.7 38 41.4 41.6 41.0
  Foreign (%) 15.5 14.5 15.5 18.1 20.8
. 1 335 8 343 13 215 15 061
  Female (%) . 66.1 46.6 45.0 36.5
  Foreign (%) . 35.1 36.8 40.5 54.0
17 965 14 989 1 896  948  836
  Female (%) 81.3 80.5 63.1 40.6 35.4
  Foreign (%) 14.2 16.1 24.2 26.1 24.0
10 082 11 225 11 051 . .
  Female (%) 56.1 49.6 47.1 . .
  Foreign (%) 18.2 21.9 21.3 . .
3 876 4 966 2 323  330 26
  Female (%) 33.9 33.2 36.7 33.3 34.6
  Foreign (%) 39.7 37.2 35.7 40.9 7.7
1 Including the federal vocational baccalaureate during vocational education (FVB1) Source: FSO – Statistics on pupils and students (SDL)
Data as of: February 2022

Vocational education and training mainly occurs in dual mode, i.e. in-company training along with training at a vocational school, providing both theory and the necessary general education. This is completed by inter-company courses which form the crossroads between the two areas of learning. Vocational education and training can also take place in full-time school in a small number of cases. Vocational education and training is completed with the Federal VET Certificate after two years or the Federal  VET Diploma after three to four years. Since 2000/01, numbers in vocational education and training have risen by 4%. Compared to the previous year, these decreased very slightly (-1%).

The three most popular training sectors chosen by students in 2020/21 were: Business and administration (17%), Wholesale and retail sales (11%) and Building and civil engineering (7%). Some sectors are clearly gender-dominated.

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