Upper secondary level is made up of two major axes. Firstly, there is vocational education and training (VET) which leads to the award of a Federal VET Diploma or a Federal VET Certificate. Secondly, there is general education which covers programmes leading to the Baccalaureate (academic, vocational, specialised) as well as courses of study in an upper secondary specialised school. Transitional and supplementary courses complete the offer at upper secondary level.
|Total||315 672||324 467||358 815||365 052||362 990|
low - upper sec.
|13 399||15 859||17 114||17 636||18 575|
and training VET1
|207 969||213 174||228 825||227 477||220 894|
|3 215||5 288||7 572||9 496||9 810|
|General education||82 985||82 119||92 087||96 802||99 895|
education in upper
|8 104||8 027||13 217||13 641||13 816|
education and training (FBV1)
2 Federal vocational baccalaureate after vocational education and training (FVB2) Source: FSO – Statistics on pupils and students (SDL)
Data as of: February 2020
In 2018/19 almost 363 000 students attended an upper secondary level course. 61% were in vocational education and training and almost 28% in general education leading to an academic Baccalaureate, an upper secondary specialised school certificate or a specialised Baccalaureate. The remaining 12% were following a post-apprenticeship vocational Baccalaureate course (MP2), or a transitional or complementary course. The numbers of students in upper secondary level rose by 15% between 2000/01 and 2018/19. Their distribution among the different types of training or education has remained stable throughout this period (two-thirds in vocational education and training, almost a quarter in general education programmes and the remaining percentage divided between the MP2 and transitional or complementary courses.
The education and training landscape at upper secondary level varies depending on the canton For the two types of education and training mostly chosen by young people, the proportion of students enrolled in vocational education and training varies between 32% (GE) and 79% (UR) of the total number of upper secondary level students, whereas the proportion of students in general education ranges between 13% (GL) and 56% (GE).