In 2020/21 almost 364 000 students attended an upper secondary level course. 59% were in vocational education and training and almost 29% in general education leading to an academic Baccalaureate, an upper secondary specialised school certificate or a specialised Baccalaureate. The remaining students were following a post-apprenticeship vocational Baccalaureate course (MP2), or a transitional or complementary course.
|Total||315 672||324 489||358 707||365 274||364 015|
low - upper sec.
|13 399||15 881||17 114||17 691||16 949|
and training VET1
|207 969||213 174||228 717||226 828||215 710|
|3 215||5 288||7 572||9 496||11 092|
|General education||82 985||82 119||92 087||96 802||104 453|
|Complementary education on upper secondary level||8 104||8 027||13 217||14 457||15 811|
education and training (FBV1)
2 Federal vocational baccalaureate after vocational education and training (FVB2) Source: FSO – Statistics on pupils and students (SDL)
Data as of: February 2022
Upper secondary level is made up of two major axes. Firstly, there is vocational education and training (VET) which leads to the award of a Federal VET Diploma or a Federal VET Certificate. Secondly, there is general education which covers programmes leading to the Baccalaureate (academic, vocational, specialised) as well as courses of study in an upper secondary specialised school. Transitional and supplementary courses complete the offer at upper secondary level.
The numbers of students in upper secondary level rose by 15% between 2000/01 and 2020/21. Their distribution among the different types of training or education has remained fairly stable throughout this period (almost two-thirds in vocational education and training, just over a quarter in general education programmes and the remaining percentage divided between the MP2 and transitional or complementary courses.
The education and training landscape at upper secondary level varies depending on the canton For the two types of education and training mostly chosen by young people, the proportion of students enrolled in vocational education and training varies between 31% (GE) and 77% (AI) of the total number of upper secondary level students, whereas the proportion of students in general education ranges between 14% (GL) and 57% (GE).