Universities and institutes of technology

The ten cantonal universities, both federal institutes of technology and several other institutions of higher education form together the universities and institutes of technology (UIT). The main services offered by the universities and institutes of technology are teaching and research across seven broad areas: humanities and social sciences, economics, law, natural sciences, medicine and pharmacology, engineering sciences and an interdisciplinary field.

Since the introduction of the Bologna reform from the beginning of the 2000s onwards, bachelor and master degrees have progressively replaced the "licence/diplôme". The number of doctorates has increased over time. This rise is mainly due to their appeal among students from abroad.

Graduates of universities and institutes of technology by group of fields of study and level of graduation, 2023
  Bachelor Master Doctorate
Humanities and social Sciences 5 100 4 317  746
Economics 2 444 2 592  222
Law 1 698 1 924  164
Exact and natural Sciences 2 893 3 215 1 520
Medecine and Pharmacy 1 813 1 846 1 399
Engineering, Architecture 2 036 2 404  755
Interdisciplinary and other  428  535  30
Total 16 412 16 833 4 836
Source: FSO - SHIS-studex

In 2023, universities and institutes of technology awarded 16 412 bachelor degrees, 16 833 master degrees and 4836 doctorates. 31% of bachelor degrees and 26% of master degrees were awarded to students in the humanities and social sciences. At doctoral level, the number of qualifications awarded in 2023 is greater in the exact and natural sciences (31% of the total number of doctorates) and in Medecine and Pharmacy (29%) than in other programmes. Over half of bachelor (54%) and master degrees (52%) are awarded to women. Meanwhile, women account for 47% of doctorate degree holders. The share of doctorates awarded to foreign students is particularly high (58%).

We highly recommend checking the results published in the tables available under the heading "tables" beforehand.

Further information



Federal Statistical Office Section Educational Processes
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