Women are generally employed in lower positions than men: they are more often in non-management positions. Men are much more often self-employed or employed as members of the board of directors or with a supervisory role. This inequality exists even between men and women with the same educational level. This is in all likelihood attributable to the fact that women have family and household responsibilities that limit their professional flexibility and leave them fewer opportunities to gain professional experience.
Since 2011 no noticeable changes occurred regarding the distribution of professional positions. Statements about the temporal evolution before 2011 are not possible due to changes in the method of collecting data (see comments in the table).
At the beginning the proportion of women among employees who are members of the board of directors and those with a supervisory role has risen slightly since 1996 and constitutes now, since a few years, a little more than a third.