Gender overall earnings gap (GOEG)

The gender overall earnings gap (GOEG) is a synthetic indicator that measures the income gap between working-age women and men aged 15 to 64. It takes into account the following three factors:

  1. differences in gross income from employment per hour,
  2. differences in hours worked per month, and
  3. differences in labour force participation.

In 2018 the GOEG for Switzerland was 43.2%. This means that women's income, based on all hours worked from age 15 to 64, is 43.2% lower than that of men. The value of this indicator decreases with time. Breaking down the indicator values according to age groups shows that the GOEG increases with age.

International comparison

In comparison to the rest of Europe, the gender overall earnings gap in Switzerland is relatively large. This is mainly due to the high proportion of women who work part-time. The GOEG is above 20% in all EU countries.

Despite the differences in methodology, the GOEG calculated by Eurostat for Switzerland with a value of 43.3% in 2018 differs only slightly from the GOEG according to the "Swiss method" (43.2%).

Further information about the calculation methods of Switzerland and Eurostat is available in the report available in German and French under "Publications".

Further information


Measuring the Gender Overall Earnings Gap and other indicators of gender income equality - report of the Federal Council in fulfilment of postulate 19.4132 Marti Samira on 25 September 2019 | Publication | Swiss Federal Statistical Office (

Publication available in German and French  

Press Releases


Related topics

Statistical sources and concepts


Federal Statistical Office Section Demography and Migration
Espace de l'Europe 10
CH-2010 Neuch√Ętel



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