Career and study choices are gender specific. Young men often choose technical careers and degree programmes such as engineering, manufacturing and construction, and are more likely to do so than young women. In contrast, young women often opt for vocational education and degree programmes in the area of health and welfare, and are more likely to do so than their male counterparts.
The gender-specific nature of career and study choices is only changing slowly. It has become less rigid over the past two decades. Young women are more likely than in the past to choose male-dominated fields of study as for example natural sciences, mathematics and statistics as well as engineering, manufacturing and construction. Also young men are more likely than before to decide on a female-dominated training or programme such as those in the field of health and welfare at upper secondary level and in the field of education at higher education institutions.