Cultural economy

Besides its cultural values, culture also creates economic value and jobs, and generates income. This is what the statistics on the cultural economy are concerned with.

The definition of the cultural economy used in this report is geared towards the Eurostat guidelines, as set out in 2012 and 2018.They are based on a rather traditional understanding of culture, but extended to include sectors where creativity plays a key role (f.e. architecture, the video game industry, arts and crafts, and advertising). As opposed to the broader creative economy approach, which also comprises the fields of IT, software and marketing, here the focus is on culture in the stricter sense.

The cultural economy can be analysed and described according to two complementary aspects:

  • the cultural enterprises of the cultural sector with their workplaces and jobs
  • the cultural workers in a broad sense, that is people who work in the cultural sector, whatever their occupation, and people with a cultural occupation who work outside of the cultural sector

At a glance

Enterprises

Cultural enterprises (2019) Cultural economy  

Share of overall economy

Enterprises

63 943

10,4%

Worksplaces

66 396

9,6%

Jobs

229 081

4,3%

FTEs

157 947

3,8%

Value added (in CHF)

14,7 Mrd.

2,1%

Sources: Statistics on the cultural economy; STATENT, WS

Persons

Cultural workers (2021)

Cultural economy

Overall economy

Economically active persons

281 041

5,7%

Unemployed persons (ILO definition)

4,0%

5,1%

Share of women

49,2%

46,9%

Share of tertiary-level qualifications

59,6%

42,7%

Share of foreign nationals

21,9%

27,4%

Share of self-employed 28,2% 13,9%
Source: Statistics on the cultural economy; SLFS

Further information

Tables

Publications

Press releases

Statistical sources and concepts

Contact

Federal Statistical Office Section Politics, Culture and Media
Espace de l'Europe 10
2010 Neuch√Ętel
Switzerland
Tel.
+41 58 463 61 58

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