Cultural economy

In addition to cultural values, culture also creates economic value, jobs and generates income. This is what the cultural economy statistics are about.

The definition of the cultural economy used here is based on Eurostat recommendations. It is founded on a traditional understanding of culture, extended to sectors in which creativity plays a key role (e.g., architecture, video games, crafts and advertising). Unlike the 'creative economy' which also includes IT and software in general as well as marketing, the focus here is on culture in the narrower sense of the term.

The cultural economy statistics are synthesis statistics based on existing FSO surveys, examining the topic from two perspectives:

  • Cultural enterprises in the cultural sector with their workplaces and employment (jobs). The results here are based on the structural business statistics (STATENT), the statistics on business demography (UDEMO) and the production and value added statistics (WS).
  • Cultural workers in the broadest sense, i.e., people (including the self-employed) who mainly work in the cultural sector plus those who pursue a cultural profession as their main job outside the cultural sector. The sources used here are the Swiss Labour Force Survey (SLFS), the Swiss Earnings Structure Survey (ESS) and the Survey of Income and Living Conditions (SILC).

At a glance

Enterprises

Cultural enterprises (2020) Cultural economy   Share of overall economy

Enterprises

63 943

10.4%

Worksplaces

66 396

9.6%

Jobs

229 081

4.3%

FTEs

157 947

3.8%

Value added (in CHF)

14.7 bn

2.1%

Sources: Statistics on the cultural economy; STATENT, WS

Persons

Cultural workers (2022)

Cultural economy

Overall economy

Economically active persons

268 000

5.4%

Unemployed persons (ILO definition)

3.4%

4.3%

Share of women

50.2%

46.8%

Share of tertiary-level qualifications

60.9%

42,5%

Share of foreign nationals

21.3%

27.7%

Share of persons with a migration background 36.1% 42.7%
Share of self-employed 27.0% 13.8%
Source: Statistics on the cultural economy; SLFS

Further information

Tables

Graphs

in French and German

Publications

Press releases

Statistical sources and concepts

Contact

Federal Statistical Office Section Politics, Culture and Media
Espace de l'Europe 10
2010 Neuch√Ętel
Switzerland
Tel.
+41 58 463 61 58

Monday to Friday
09.00-12.00 and 14.00-16.00

Contact

Remark

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