Besides its cultural values, culture also creates economic value and jobs, and generates income. This is what the statistics on the cultural economy are concerned with.
The definition of the cultural economy used in this report is geared towards the Eurostat guidelines, as set out in 2012 and 2018. They are based on a rather traditional understanding of culture, but extended to include sectors where creativity plays a key role (f.e. architecture, the video game industry, arts and crafts, and advertising). As opposed to the broader creative economy approach, which also comprises the fields of IT, software and marketing, here the focus is on culture in the stricter sense.
The cultural economy can be analysed and described according to two complementary aspects:
- the cultural enterprises of the cultural sector with their workplaces and jobs
- the cultural workers in a broad sense, that is people who work in the cultural sector, whatever their occupation, and people with a cultural occupation who work outside of the cultural sector