Persons in placement and detainee

The annual survey of juveniles in placement and adults in detention (31st January) under criminal law is conducted separately.

 

Juveniles in placement

Key figures
  2017 2019
Total juveniles in placement on reference day 480 468
Proportion of men (as %) 90.8 90.6
Proportion of women (as %) 9.2 9.4
Aged up to 15 (as %) 6 10.9
16 and over (as %) 85.8 89.1
Data updated: 18.06.2019
Source: FSO - Juvenile conviction statistics (JUSUS
Juveniles placed under criminal law
  2017 2019
Total of juveniles in placement on reference day 480 468
Prior to sentencing 251 231
Precautionary protection measure 211 201

of which open custody

121 115

of which closed custody

44 41

of which institutional observation

41 39
Pre-trial detention/detention for security reasons 40 30
After sentencing 229 237
Protective measures 218 198

of which open custody

181 152

of which closed custody

37 34
Imprisonment 11 39
Data updated: 18.06.2019
Source: FSO - Reference day survey, juvenile detentions (SJS)

The survey includes all persons aged 10 and over who committed an offence as a juvenile and who are placed under juvenile law outside of their families. Such external placements can be ordered by the court either as a preventive measure prior to sentencing or at the time of sentencing. Numbers are collected from the cantonal offices of the juvenile prosecutors.

Information on juveniles in placement

(Out-of-home) placement as a precautionary protection measure

If the necessary education and treatment of juveniles cannot be otherwise guaranteed, the juvenile courts can impose a placement. Juveniles may be placed with private individuals or in an educational institution or treatment facility that can provide them with the educational or therapeutic help they need.

JUSAS project

The juvenile detention statistics on preventive measures and sentencing (JUSAS) planned from 2017 will now also provide information on imposed pre-trial detention or pre-court-ordered precautions, protection measures and imprisonment. The length, start, finish and type of sentence are among the main details which will be available for each external placement.

On the basis of the Federal Council's report "Youth and violence" and the Federal Council Resolution of 20 May 2009, the FSO has been commissioned with the creation of these statistics. On the 23 May 2012, based on the evaluation results of the project phase, the Federal Council approved the creation of new juvenile detention statistics on the pre-court-ordered preventive measures and sentencing (JUSAS).


Detained adults

The survey on detained adults (prison population) is conducted on 31st January (reference day) in the penal institutions of the cantonal departments of justice and police. A small number of residential treatment centres may also detain juveniles.

Detained adults on reference day
 

20181

2019

Number of penal institutions

104

102

Number of prison places

7 518

7 394

Prison places per 100,000 inhabitants

88

87

Number of prisoners per 100,000 inhabitants

82

81

Occupancy rate (as %)

92.7

93.9

Detained adults

6 972

6 943

Proportion of women (as %)

5.7

Proportion of foreigners (as %)

72.1

Proportion of juveniles in adult penal institutions (as  %)

0.3

0.3

Prisoners by type of custody

Pre-trial detention

1 843

1 867

Anticipatory execution of a sentence or a mesure 

980

1 061

Serving custodial sentence or mesure

3 684

3 549

Coercive measures under the Foreign Nationals Act

 284

 295

Other reasons for imprisonment

 181

 171

Data updated: 14.03.2019
1) In 2018, only minimal data (mean) are published (change of the reference day)
Source of data for adults: FSO - Imprisonment statistics (FHE)

Remand and preventive detention

Remand and preventive detention can be ordered in case of strong suspicion of having committed a crime and if there is a danger of fleeing, colluding or reoffending (Art. 221 CrimPC).

 
 
Prisoners in remand and preventive detention on reference day
 

2018

2019

Inmates in remand and preventive detention

1 843

1 867

Men

1 733

Women

 …

 134

Swiss

 …

 399

Foreign nationals with residence permit

 …

459

Asylum seekers

 …

 98

Foreign nationals with no residence permit

 …

 911

Aged under 18

 …

 8

18 to 24-year-olds

 …

 394

Aged over 24

1 465

Data updated: 14.03.2019 Source of data for adults: FSO - Imprisonment statistics (FHE)

Average number of adults serving a custodial sentence

The custodial sentence figures include all admissions and releases of sentenced persons (incl. pre-trial detention). These are used to calculate an (annual) prison population. The figures have only limited comparability with the reference day population.

Average prison population
  2016 2017
Average prison population 5 334 5 278
Sex
Male 5 041 4 956
Female 294  322
Nationality
Swiss 1 738 1 742
Foreign nationals 3 596 3 536
Age
Aged up to 24  737  666
25 to 34 years 1 996 1 942
35 to 44 years 1 355 1 362
Aged over 44 1 246 1 307
Average prison population by Act
Swiss Criminal Code (SCC) 3 261 2 992
Road Traffic Act (RTA)  121 122
Narcotics Act (NarcA)  969  785
Foreign Nationals Act (FNA)  214  191
Other  770  1 189
Data updated: 07.07.2017 Source: FSO - Statistics on the Execution of Custodial Sentences

Further information

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Statistical sources and concepts

Contact

Federal Statistical Office Section Crime and Criminal Justice
Espace de l'Europe 10
CH-2010 Neuchâtel
Switzerland

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