Juveniles placed on reference day

Key figures

  2019 2020
Total juveniles in placement on reference day 468 466
Proportion of men (as %) 90.6 90.5
Proportion of women (as %) 9.4 9.5
Aged up to 15 (as %) 10.9 10.9
16 and over (as %) 89.1 89.1
Data updated: 09.10.2020 Source: FSO - Reference day survey, juvenile detentions (SJS)

Juveniles placed under criminal law on reference day

  2019 2020
Total of juveniles in placement on reference day 468 466
Prior to sentencing 231 243
Precautionary protection measure 201 213

of which open custody

115 114

of which closed custody

41 58

of which institutional observation

39 36
Pre-trial detention/detention for security reasons 30 30
After sentencing 237 223
Protective measures 198 187

of which open custody

152 143

of which closed custody

34 34
Imprisonment 39 36
Data updated: 09.10.2020 Source: FSO - Reference day survey, juvenile detentions (SJS)

Information on juveniles in placement

The survey includes all persons aged 10 and over who committed an offence as a juvenile and who are placed under juvenile law outside of their families. Such external placements can be ordered by the court either as a preventive measure prior to sentencing or at the time of sentencing. Numbers are collected from the cantonal offices of the juvenile prosecutors.

(Out-of-home) placement as a precautionary protection measure

If the necessary education and treatment of juveniles cannot be otherwise guaranteed, the juvenile courts can impose a placement. Juveniles may be placed with private individuals or in an educational institution or treatment facility that can provide them with the educational or therapeutic help they need.

JUSAS project

The juvenile detention statistics on preventive measures and sentencing (JUSAS) planned from 2020 will now also provide information on imposed pre-trial detention or pre-court-ordered precautions, protection measures and imprisonment. The length, start, finish and type of sentence are among the main details which will be available for each external placement.
On the basis of the Federal Council's report "Youth and violence" and the Federal Council Resolution of 20 May 2009, the FSO has been commissioned with the creation of these statistics.

On the 23 May 2012, based on the evaluation results of the project phase, the Federal Council approved the creation of new juvenile detention statistics on the pre-court-ordered preventive measures and sentencing (JUSAS).

Further information



Press Releases

Statistical sources and concepts


Federal Statistical Office Section Crime and Criminal Justice
Espace de l'Europe 10
CH-2010 Neuch√Ętel



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