Employment of labour, electronic home detention and supervision

Execution of sanctions in the form of employment of labour (community service) or electronic house arrest and criminal law orders of probation supervision, conduct orders and outpatient supervision by authorities.

Key figures on the topic

Community service

Enforcement of community service
  2016 2017
Employment in community service 3 976 3 393
Sex
Male 3 076 2 564
Female  900  829
Nationality
Swiss 2 417 2 007
Foreign nationals 1 559 1 386
Age
Aged up to 24  727  676
25 to 34 years 1 000  838
35 to 44 years  918  692
Over 44 years 1 331 1 187
Average no. of persons in community service
1 043  807
Service ended 4 015 3 811
Completed 3 541 3 365
Aborted  474  446
Length of service1)
Up to 14 days 2 899 2 907
15 to 30 days  488  405
31 to 60 days  320  229
Over 60 days  308  270
Median (in hours)             20  20
Mean (in hours)  71  66
No. of days’ service 70 980 62 628
Data updated: 09.11.2018
1) 4 hours’ employment of labour correspond to one day of service
Source: FSO - Community service statistics

Electronic monitoring

Electronic monitoring
  2016 2017
New monitoring cases  271  235
Sex
Male  243  206
Female  28  29
Nationality
Swiss  157  132
Foreign nationals  114  103
Age
Aged up to 24  24  25
25 to 34 years  106  79
35 to 44 years  80  69
Over 44 years  61  62
Average prison population  85  60
Monitoring ended  304  238
Completed  285  224
Aborted  19  14
Type of monitoring order
Front door1)  274  213
Back door2)  30  25
Length of enforcement
Up to 1 month  38  36
1 to 3 months  100  107
More than 3 months  166  95
Median (in days)  101  89
Mean (in days)  135  98
Data updated: 09.11.2018
1) All of the sentence is served at home
2) The first part of the sentence is served in prison and the final part at home
Source: FSO - Statistics on custodial sentences under electronic monitoring

Probation supervision

Probation supervision is intended to protect affected persons from recidivism and ensure their social integration. The responsible authority provides the necessary social and professional assistance. Orders of probation supervision, conduct orders and outpatient supervision are determined in the judgement or ruling by the authorities.

Orders of probation supervision and conduct orders

Orders of probation supervision and conduct orders
  2016 2017
Total 1 504 1 506
Type of order
Probation supervision,conduct order and out-patient treatment   72   42
Probation supervision   938 906
Conduct order   473   542
Out-patient treatment 21 16
By decision
Parole (conditional release)   797   786
(partly) suspended custodial 304 300
(partly) suspended monetary penalty 381 398
(partly) suspended community service 22 22
Sex
Male   1 343   1 348
Female   161   158
Nationality
Swiss   938   892
Foreign nationals   566   614
Age
<25   140   138
25-34   171   226
35-44   162   140
>44   1 031   1 002
Register of Criminal Conduct: 07.12.2018 Source: FSO - Probation statistics (BHS)

Persons under supervision at the end of year

Persons under supervision at the end of year
  2016 2017
Total 3 383 3 339
Type of order
Probation supervision,conduct order and out-patient treatment   94   77
Probation supervision   1 621   1 648
Conduct order 1 637 1 588
Out-patient treatment 31 26
By decision
Parole (conditional release)   1 054   1 008
(partly) suspended custodial 1 060  1 102
(partly) suspended monetary penalty 1 207 1 159
(partly) suspended community service 62 70
Sex
Male   3 019   2 968
Female   364   371
Nationality
Swiss   2 144   2 107
Foreign nationals   1 239   1 232
Age
<25   339   349
25-34   684   685
35-44   541   539
>44   1 819   1 766
Register of Criminal Conduct: 07.12.2018 Source: FSO - Probation statistics (BHS)

Probation supervision

Until the end of 2006, probation supervision duties were defined in the SCC in articles 47 (criminal supervision), 38 (conditional discharge), 41 (suspended execution of a sentence), and 43 and 44 (outpatient supervision). With the entry into force of the revised general part of the Swiss Criminal Code in 2007, probation supervision was newly summarised in the fifth volume. From this year onwards, voluntary social supervision duties were also included in article 96. To ensure uniform counting of cantonal services, social supervision and additional orders are no longer considered as of 2007.

From 2016 onwards, data for 2007 to 2015 are now taken directly from the Swiss central register of criminal convictions and no longer from the Swiss Association for Probation and Social Work (prosaj).

Further information

Graphs

Statistical sources and concepts

Contact

Federal Statistical Office Section Crime and Criminal Justice
Espace de l'Europe 10
CH-2010 Neuchâtel
Switzerland

Contact

Remark

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