Sanctions and pre-trial detention

Information on penalties and measures has been available since 1999 for minors and since 1984 for adults. Data are available for adults for pre-trial detention.

The following sanctions can be imposed under juvenile law: Custodial sentence, personal performance (community service), fines or a caution. An exemption from punishment can also be pronounced. The following measures can be imposed: placement in a closed or open institution, outpatient treatment, individual care and supervision.

Sanctions for adults are: Custodial sentence, financial penalty, community service and fines. Thefollowing measures can be imposed: Indefinite incarceration and in and outpatient treatment of mental disorders or addictive behaviour. For young adults who were under 25 at the time of committing the offence, the Penal Code provides the possibility of placement in an institution for young adults.

Main sanctions, measures and pre-trial detention 2017 - 2018

 

Minors1 Adults2
  2017 2018 2017 2018
Total convictions with main sanction3 13 721 13 787 107 932 107 030
Custodial sentence / custodial sanction  792  811 11 926 13 957

unsuspended

 214  265 8 594 8 248

partially suspended

 57  34  806  698

suspended

 520  512 2 526 5 011
Financial penalty * * 93 605 92 769

unsuspended

* * 16 805 17 489

partially suspended

* *  987  204

suspended

* * 75 813 75 076
Personal performance / community service 5 738 5 685 2 232  156

unsuspended

4 701 4 563  874  116

partially suspended

 558  646  111  6

suspended

 478  476 1 247  34
Fine only 2 718 2 945  99  85

unsuspended

2 341 2 566 * *

partially suspended

 106  106 * *

suspended

 271  273 * *
Caution 3 970 3 930 * *
Measures only  26  28  70  63
Exemption from punishment  477  388 * *
Verdicts with provisional pre-trial custody  153  77 19 995 19 544

of which up to 2 days

* * 14 896 15 001
Total verdicts with measures
 412  437  504  413

indefinite incarceration

* *  6  7

inpatient measures

 63  51  233  183

outpatient measures

 349  386  270  233

expulsion

* * 1 102 1 702
¹ For juvenile convictions felonies, misdemeanours and contraventions are taken into account.
² For adults only felonies and misdemeanours are included, because contraventions are only recorded in the register of convictions as an exception.
³ One main sanction is established per verdict and this is the only one shown in the table. For this reason sanctions are ranked according to their severity and only the most severe sanction is shown. A custodial sentence is considered to be the most severe sanction for minors, followed by personal performance, fines, cautions and lastly exemption from punishment. For adults, custodial sentence is considered to be the most severe sanction, followed by financial penalties, community service, fines and measures.
Sources:
Statistics on criminal conviction of minors (JUSUS), state of the database: 24.05.2019
Criminal conviction statistics (SUS), state of the Register of Criminal Conduct: 20.05.2019

Further information

Tables

Tables on adult sanctions

Tables on juvenile sanctions

Publications

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Tables classified by themes

Historical data

Statistical sources and concepts

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Federal Statistical Office Section Crime and Criminal Justice
Espace de l'Europe 10
CH-2010 Neuchâtel
Switzerland

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