Sanctions and pre-trial detention

Information on penalties and measures has been available since 1999 for minors and since 1984 for adults. Data are available for adults for pre-trial detention.

The following sanctions can be imposed under juvenile law: Custodial sentence, personal performance (community service), fines or a caution. An exemption from punishment can also be pronounced. The following measures can be imposed: placement in a closed or open institution, outpatient treatment, individual care and supervision.

Sanctions for adults are: Custodial sentence, financial penalty, community service and fines. Thefollowing measures can be imposed: Indefinite incarceration and in and outpatient treatment of mental disorders or addictive behaviour. For young adults who were under 25 at the time of committing the offence, the Penal Code provides the possibility of placement in an institution for young adults.

Main sanctions, measures and pre-trial detention 2016 - 2017

 

Minors1 Adults2
  2016 2017 2016 2017
Total convictions with main sanction3 12 335 12 330 110 914 105 309
Custodial sentence / custodial sanction 873 762 12 557 11 418

unsuspended

228 209 9 241 8 269

partially suspended

59 59 783 735

suspended

586 493 2 533 2 414
Financial penalty * * 95 406 91 446

unsuspended

* * 16 374 16 466

partially suspended

* * 1 260 974

suspended

* * 77 772 74 006
Personal performance / community service 5 683 5 700 2 677 2 201

unsuspended

4 579 4 653 1 104 863

partially suspended

626 567 144 105

suspended

477 479 1 429 1 233
Fine only 2 296 2 318 176 164

unsuspended

1 966 1 938 * *

partially suspended

95 106 * *

suspended

234 274 * *
Caution 3 030 3 136 * *
Measures only 39 23 98 80
Exemption from punishment 414 391 * *
Verdicts with provisional pre-trial custody 361 123 20 234 19 444

of which up to 2 days

* * 15 101 14 685
Total verdicts with measures
442 402 529 444

Indefinite incarceration

* * 5 4

Inpatient measures

85 61 216 205

Outpatient measures

357 341 312 240
¹ For juvenile convictions felonies, misdemeanours and contraventions are taken into account.
² For adults only felonies and misdemeanours are included, because contraventions are only recorded in the register of convictions as an exception.
³ One main sanction is established per verdict and this is the only one shown in the table. For this reason sanctions are ranked according to their severity and only the most severe sanction is shown. A custodial sentence is considered to be the most severe sanction for minors, followed by personal performance, fines, cautions and lastly exemption from punishment. For adults, custodial sentence is considered to be the most severe sanction, followed by financial penalties, community service, fines and measures.
Sources:
Statistics on criminal conviction of minors (JUSUS), state of the database: 25.05.2018
Criminal conviction statistics (SUS), state of the Register of Criminal Conduct: 30.04.2018

Further information

Tables

Tables on adult sanctions

Tables on juvenile sanctions

Publications

Press releases

Tables classified by themes

Historical data

Statistical sources and concepts

Contact

Federal Statistical Office Section Crime and Criminal Justice
Espace de l'Europe 10
CH-2010 Neuchâtel
Switzerland

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