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Swiss Statistics
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  • Schliessen

Migration and integration – Data, indicatorsPopulation with an immigration background

In Switzerland the population with an immigration background includes not only foreign citizens who immigrated to Switzerland and their direct descendants who were born in the host country, but also Swiss citizens who acquired Swiss citizenship by birth or by naturalisation and who either immigrated to Switzerland or who have at least one parent born abroad.

The Swiss Labour Force Survey (SLFS) makes it possible to identify the population with an immigration background and to disaggregate it. An individual's migration status is determined on the basis of a combination of the following individual variables: "country of birth", "citizenship upon birth" and "current citizenship", as well as each parent's "country of birth".

Permanent resident population aged 15 or over, by migration status, in 2013

  in 1000'sin %
Total 6829100.0
Population without an immigration background439764.4
Swiss citizens439164.3
of whom naturalised (3rd generation or more)160.2
Persons with foreign citizenship (3rd generation or more)60.1
Population with an immigration background237434.8
Swiss citizens83612.2
of whom naturalised 74510.9
Persons with foreign citizenship153722.5
1st generation190127.8
Swiss citizens5488.0
of whom naturalised 5267.7
Persons with foreign citizenship135319.8
2nd generation4736.9
Swiss citizens2884.2
of whom naturalised 2193.2
Persons with foreign citizenship1852.7
Persons for whom some relevant data are unavailable580.8

Source: Swiss Labor Force Survey (SLFS) 
 

In 2013, 34.8% of the permanent resident population aged 15 or over in Switzerland, i.e. 2,374,000 persons, had an immigration background. A third of this population (836,000) have Swiss citizenship. Four fifths of persons with an immigration background are themselves immigrants (first generation foreigners and native-born and naturalised Swiss citizens), whereas one fifth were born in Switzerland (second generation foreigners and native-born and naturalised Swiss citizens).
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